Via Urbana runs almost parallel to Via Cavour, intersecting at Via degli Zingari. It corresponds to the ancient Vicus Patricius and took its current name when Pope Urban VIII improved and enlarged it in the seventeenth century. This ancient road is mainly linked to titulus Pudentis and stays, it is said, St. Peter did at this Christian senator, later martyred with their children Pudenziana, Praxedes, Novato and Timothy, and here is the ancient Church Santa Pudenziana.

Via Urbana is located in Rione Monti, in Roman times the area was densely populated: the upper part of the district (the Baths of Diocletian to the Suburra) consisted domus mansions around the Vicus Patricius (now Via Urbana). The shallow and marshy, still drained by the Cloaca Maxima, was developed around the street Argiletum (the name was due to the continued presence of clay and mud from contemporary confluence of rainwater of Quirinal, Esquiline and Interior Ministry) that He corresponded to current via Leonina and Via Madonna dei Monti. This area, called Suburra, was known to be vulgar, full of brothels and houses of ill repute. Further down, in the valley between the Capitol and the Palatine, the Roman Forum were separated by class neighborhood increasingly at risk of fire through the large stone wall firebreak cab that still serves as architectural backdrop to the Forum of Augustus.

In the Middle Ages the situation was quite different: the Roman aqueducts were damaged and it was difficult to get water because the ground floor (it is a hilly area); why the people tended to move in the Campus Martius, flat area downstream of packages. Besides the inhabitants of Rome used to drink water from the Tiber, then drinking.

From the Middle Ages until the early nineteenth century the district was essentially an area full of vineyards and orchards, sparsely populated due to scarcity of water and the distance from the Vatican, the cultural center of that period. The only factor that caused the area did not become totally uninhabited was the presence of the basilicas of St. John Lateran and St. Mary Major: the continuous influx of pilgrims always guaranteed a large number of people in the territory.

Also in the Middle Ages the inhabitants of Monti, said monticiani, developed their own strong identity, so much so that their Roman dialect was slightly different from that of the other districts. Was there a rivalry between the inhabitants of the other district with a strong identity, Trastevere, often in the fourteenth century was realized in bloody clashes between residents of the two districts.

Subsequently, the urban development of the 1800 (Rome had just become the capital) and major demolition of the fascist period completely changed the face of the district. In particular, between 1924 and 1936 a large portion of the lower part of the district was destroyed to build the Via dei Fori Imperiali (then Empire street) and bring to light the remains of the Imperial Forums.


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